In this lab we learned how to build a working TCP/IP network.

Equipment list:
6 computers, 2 switch networking devices, cables, router, and patch cords. 

Notes and observations:
My group needed to replace 2 network cables in order to complete the connections. As long as we had the proper addresses, everything worked great.

Diagrams, flowcharts, and figures:
A diagram was written on the white-board to illicit help in connecting a proper network.

Hard copy of instructions referencing the details and particulars of properly performing this task.

Compare and contrast the IANA and ARIN:
IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) the authority originally responsible for the oversight of IP address allocation, the coordination of the assignment of protocol parameters provided for in Internet technical standards, and the management of the DNS, including the delegation of top-level domains and oversight of the root name server system.
ARIN (American Registry for Internet Numbersestablished for the purpose of the administration and registration of Internet number resources — including Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and Autonomous System Numbers.
They are similar in that they both work with IP addresses. The ways they differ is that IANA allocates and coordinates the assignments of numbers, whereas ARIN registers and does the administration of them.
What are some reasons behind updating the TCP/IP protocol with a new IPv6 standard?
To deal with the long anticipated problem of IPv4 exhaustion. It simplifies the processing of packets by routers (by placing the need for packet fragmentation into the end points). More memory.
What are some reasons to continue to use the IPv4 standard?
Pv6 hosts cannot directly communicate with IPv4 hosts, and have to communicate using special gateway services. This means that general-purpose computers must still have IPv4 access. It is simpler, easy to remember, requires less memory, millions of devices already know it, existing infrastructure already supports it.

Each host requires a unique IP address, a sub-net mask, and a gateway address. As long as these conditions are met, and the addressing is configured in such a way that all the network participants are using the same network address, the network should work.